Welcome to the website of the Group of Molecular Fluid Dynamics, of the Instituto de Estructura de la Materia CSIC in Madrid, Spain

Post Pic

We are an experimental group pioneer in quantitative gas dynamics at the molecular scale by Raman spectroscopy, a form of inelastic light scattering. We study fluid flows at the interface between the microscopic description, essentially molecular and quantum, and the macroscopic one, governed by the continuum fluid mechanics. Although both limits are well developed as independent fields, their link is a sort of no-man's land lacking experimental data, sufficiently rigorous theoretical models, and efficient calculation methods.

Some of our current and past research topics are: micromapping (density and temperature mapping with resolution of micron) and kinetics of supersonic gas jets, shock waves, molecular clustering, inelastic collisions, and crystallization of microfilaments of liquid hydrogen. Our research can be ascribed to the areas of knowledge of Molecular Physics, Fluid Physics, Astrophysics and Condensed Matter Physics, and span over a thermal range from 1 to 2000 K. Two complete instruments, fully developed by our group, are operative in our laboratory.

Our group has active collaborations with those of J. Cernicharo (ICMM-CSIC), J. Campos (IFF-CSIC), I. P. Toennies (Max-Planck, Göttingen), F. Thibault (U. Rennes), T. Elizarova (RAS, Moscow), P. Skovorodko (RAS, Novosibirsk), R. Grisenti (U. Frankfurt), M. Carvajal (U. Huelva), and J. Pérez-Ríos (Purdue U.).


Salvador Montero, founder of the Group of Molecular Fluid Dynamics passed away on 21 May 2022. Those of us who were lucky enough to work with him will always remember his enthusiasm for science and his great knowledge, that were a constant source of inspiration and enjoyment.
Rest in peace.

Carlos Álvarez Nicolás, PhD student of the Group of Molecular Fluid Dynamics, has been awarded the second prize at PhDay Físicas 2021 contest of the UCM, with his Thesis work on Rotational Relaxation and R-T non-equilibrium in CO2. Congratulations!

"Rate coefficients for H2:H2 inelastic collisions in the ground vibrational state from 10 to 1000 K"
M. I. Hernández, G. Tejeda, J. M. Fernández, and S. Montero
Astronomy and Astrophysics 647, A155, 2021
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039790 

"Crystal growth rates in supercooled atomic liquid mixtures"
A. Schottelius, F. Mambretti, A. Kalinin, B. Beyersdorff, A. Rothkirch, C. Goy, J. Müller, N. Petridis, M. Ritzer, F. Trinter, J. M. Fernández, T. A. Ezquerra, D. E. Galli, R. E. Grisenti
Nature Materials 19, 512-516 (2020)
DOI: 10.1038/s41563-020-0613-z  

"Laboratory Study of Rate Coefficients for H2:H2 Inelastic Collisions between 295 and 20K"
S. Montero , G. Tejeda , and J. M. Fernández
Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 247:14 (2020)
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab5e80